Citânia de Briteiros
“The Citânia de Briteiros is one of the most expressive proto-historical villages of the Peninsula.”
Citânia de Briteiros is an archaeological site from the Iron Age, situated on top of the Monte de São Romão, about 15 km from Guimarães. It is also near the shrines of Sameiro and Bom Jesus de Braga. The archaeological ruins of this Citania prove the existence of a primitive, pre-Roman settlement belonging to the general type of the so-called Castros” of northwest Portugal.
It has been classified as a National Monument since 1910.
It is a village located in an elevated place, with Celtic cultural features, although strongly romanized at the beginning of the Christian era and walled and with 3 walls that can still be admired.
Celtic culture is evident in the topographical arrangement, in the circular plant of the houses, in its construction process as well as in the geometric motifs.
One of the most curious pre-Roman monuments is the two-compartment resort, where the castrejos inhabitants took steam baths –“sauna” – and then took cold water baths.
The influence of romanization, century I BC, is patent in numerous vestiges – Latin inscriptions, coins of the Republic and the Empire, fragments of imported ceramics, glass, among other artifacts.
The village will have been definitively abandoned in the century III A.D.
In the 10th century it was built a small Christian chapel in the Acropolis among the ruins of the ancient village.
The archaeological estate found in Citânia de Briteiros is exhibited in the Museum of Culture Castreja, Solar da Ponte, Briteiros and the Martins Sarmento Society Archaeological Museum in Guimarães.